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The chip technology that the West thinks is impossible, China is accelerating, and the lithography machine will no longer be important

Posting time:2023-03-26 03:15:59

The chip technology that the West thinks is impossible, China is accelerating, and the lithography machine will no longer be important

Recently, the original Guo Guangcan of the Chinese Academy of Sciences announced that it has developed the first quantum chip EDA software. It has made progress in the production of quantum chips. With the emergence of quantum chip EDA software, it represents a major breakthrough in chip technology in my country. ASML's The lithography machine will no longer be a major obstacle to the development of China's chip industry. In the past 10 years, China has been leading the world in quantum computing. As early as 2011, China established quantum satellite technology research. In 2016, China launched its first quantum satellite, Micius. Since then, quantum technology has begun to develop rapidly. At this stage, China's quantum computing industry has accelerated its practical application. Up to now, China has successively released the prototypes of the "Nine Chapter One" and "Nine Chapter Two" quantum computers, and more technology companies have joined them. Alibaba has developed superconducting quantum technology, and Huawei has announced a quantum chip patent. With the participation of many private enterprises, it will be a matter of time before quantum computing technology enters civilian use. With the advancement of quantum computing technology, the research and development of quantum chips has reached the stage that needs to be implemented. Benyuan Electronics is one of the leading companies in the research and development of quantum chips in China. It has successively established two domestic engineered quantum chip laboratories. , represents the landing of my country's self-developed quantum chips. In the past two years, the United States has frequently attacked Chinese chip companies over the EDA software it has mastered, which has made China realize the importance of developing its own EDA software. EDA software is called the mother of chips because it connects chip design companies and chip manufacturers. Chip companies use EDA software to develop complex chips, and then transmit the data to chip manufacturers, so that chips can be produced. As one of the leading companies of quantum chips in China, Yuanyuan Electronics developed its own quantum chip EDA software shortly after it started to develop quantum chips. It is undoubtedly a precautionary measure to fundamentally establish a domestic quantum chip system to avoid future use of quantum chips. Design and production are subject to overseas. China has actually reached the world's advanced level in chip design. The Kirin chips developed by Huawei are at the same level as those developed by Apple and Qualcomm in the United States; in terms of server chips, the chips developed by the domestic chip company Shenwei are used in the supercomputer TaihuLight. , TaihuLight's computing performance is in a leading position in the world, and it is widely used in high-performance computing (HPC), artificial intelligence (AI) and big data fusion application scenarios. At present, the main obstacle to domestic chips is the production and manufacturing process. Although the domestic chip manufacturing process has reached 14nm, the lithography machine is still relatively dependent on the lithography machine giant ASML, and ASML has so far failed to deliver EUV lithography machines to China. Difficulties in advanced technology. For this reason, China has begun to vigorously develop mature processes such as 28nm to meet nearly 70% of the domestic chip demand. For more advanced chips, in addition to continuing to rely on existing equipment for development, it is to open up new paths, while quantum chips, chip materials, etc. Aspect is a new path for China's development. Now Yuanyuan Electronics has made a major breakthrough in quantum chip technology. It can be said that China has made progress in opening up a new path for chips. Another path is chip materials, and China is also continuing to advance in this regard. Breakthroughs have been made in third-generation semiconductor materials such as gallium nitride and silicon carbide, which will greatly improve the performance of existing chips; in the more critical fourth-generation chip material graphene, China has also been following up rapidly. At present, China has applied for graphene technology in large numbers, and the United States is also actively developing graphene technology. Among them, the American start-up SkyWater has planned to introduce carbon nanotubes into the chip manufacturing industry, so that the 90nm process can produce chips that are 50 times stronger than 7nm process chips. . All of these show that China is actively getting rid of its dependence on overseas chip technology systems. Once quantum chips and carbon-based chip technologies are mass-produced, lithography machines will no longer hinder the development of China's chip industry, and China's chip industry can even be expected to do so. Reaching the top of the world should be the result that many overseas chip industry chain companies, including ASML, do not want to see.

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